Passwords, Hubble Constant, Misc.

Five Internet Security
New Year Resolutions
You CAN Keep
1. Password Password Password! Change your passwords, make them secure. One suggestion: One capital letter, one symbol, one lower case letter, one number, then repeat the last two of these characters three times, example: A$b1b1b1b1. An extremely secure password! Just FOUR characters to remember! Use the same 4 characters for many passwords.
But if you could, a simple further idea: For your different sites, change just the first letter, for ex-ample, to be the same as the first letter of the target website name, for Facebook perhaps: . F$b1b1b1b1.
2. Make sure devices used by young children are very secure. Know everything they do online.
3. Pay Attention to your tax refund. Criminals can apply for and receive your refund. They can even phony up numbers and file a phony tax return for you, to get an amazing fictitiously large return applied for in your name.
4. Change the password on your Yahoo account if you have one. Info:
5. Watch for phony credit card charges.
Thank You for these to LifeLock!

Pew Research Findings
Since The Election
Following the election, these are the public’s top five priorities:
1. Terrorism
2. Economy
3. Education
4. Jobs
5. Health Care Costs
For three of every four Americans, the top priorities are terrorism and the economy.
Environment was only 11th most important, immigration was 15th, and climate change was 18th.
Most Americans (64%) have experienced an important leak of their personal important information.
Most Americans (51%) do not trust their social media sites to protect their data. Almost a majority (49%) does not trust the federal government to protect their data.
The large majority (86%) use only memorized passwords.
Many (39%) use a single same password for many of their online accounts.
On the positive side, most (52%) use two-step authentication for at least some of their accounts.

More Bees Being Killed
By Wing-Deforming Virus
Scientists calculate that 1.4 billion jobs and 75% of crops depend on pollinators, mainly bees.
The UN estimates that 40% of pollinators, bees and butterflies, are at risk of extinction.
A mysterious blight, as yet not understood, “colony collapse disorder,” has killed up to 90% of bees in some areas of North America and Europe.
Now a new virus, “wing-deforming” virus, has been found attacking the little workers, pre-venting them from surviving to foraging age, causing them to not remember where they’ve been, and reducing the lifespan of those who do forage.
If you or a neighbor is scared by bees swarming near you, don’t spray it with pesticide to kill it! Report it to a local beekeeper who will come and remove it, saving the bees and putting them to beneficial use. Or report it to your county agricultural extension agent.

Screen Time-
Help Your Eyes!
“Computer Vision Syndrome” affects half to almost all of people who spend much time looking at computer screens.
And about two-thirds of adults spend most of their eight-hour days doing just that.
Computer screens add increased contrast, flicker, glare and combinations of colors, especially blue, which damage our eyes.
“Prevent Blindness” is the oldest U.S. organization working to help people and employers reduce dam-age to our eyes. They recommend these practices:
Visit an eye doctor for a dilated exam, to make sure you are seeing clearly, whether you need glasses or your glasses prescription changed.
Place computer screen 20 to 26 inches from your eyes and a little below eye level; down on a desk or table is often too low.
Use an adjustable chair, and ad-just your chair so that:
a) your legs are supported from the floor, not hanging from the edge of the chair.
b) your keyboard and mouse are at elbow height.
Really look at your screen- do you see reflections of ceiling lights or windows; re-arrange your setup to prevent these. Screens can be treated to reduce reflection. Reflections can reduce the image reaching your eyes by more than half, dou-bling eye strain.
Laptops are good for portable use, or for touch-and-go users who have many duties off the computer. But they are not good for full time long-constant-hours desk use. The displays are too low. Often the keyboards are too far forward and the trackpads are too small, especially for graphic work. A mouse is much better, easily attached to a laptop, and unattached when the laptop goes traveling.
Use the 20-20-20 rule: Break every 20 minutes for 20 seconds to look at objects 20 feet or more away.

Trouble with Hubble
In astronomy, objects of the same power but at different distances reach us with different brightness. Farther-away objects are dimmer, no surprise.
Back in the early 1900’s, a group of women examining hundreds of thousands of glass photographic plate photographs of the sky at Harvard found a way to determine a ratio giving how much dimmer an object of the same power would be because of its greater distance. This ratio is called the Hubble Constant. Their discovery remains one of the greatest accomplishments in all of astronomy. Prior to this, distances to astronomical objects were completely unknown; everything out there was assumed to be part of, in the same space as our Milky Way Galaxy.
Since then, the Hubble Constant has been extremely important in determining the distance of objects away from us, the apparent size of the universe, how fast it is expanding and the huge amount of additional but unseen mass, “Dark Mat-ter,” that must exist to cause that rate of expansion.
The Hubble Constant was found to be… constant… over all bright-nesses and distances—– almost!
Measurements have always var-ied by small amounts, but these variances were thought to be just errors in the very difficult measurements. The measurements cen-tered on a value: H0 = 66.93±0.62 km/s/Mpc. The units are kilometers per second per mega-parsec.
(A parsec (symbol: pc) is a unit of length used to measure large distances to objects outside our Solar System. One parsec is the distance at which one astronomical unit (distance from Earth to Sun) subtends an angle of one arc second. A parsec is equal to about 3.26 light-years (31 trillion kilome-tres or 19 trillion miles) in length. The nearest star, Proxima Centauri, is about 1.3 parsecs (4.2 light-years) from the Sun. Most of the stars visible to the unaided eye in the nighttime sky are within 500 parsecs of the Sun. A mega-parsec or Mpc is a million parsecs.)
The different measurements al-ways fell within a variation of 3.8%. The 3.8% was said to be the “uncertainty” in the number; presumably we just hadn’t found ways yet to measure it more precisely.
Now in an international project called, peculiarly, HOLiCOW (an abbreviation), six telescopes: the Hubble Space Telescope, the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Subaru Telescope, the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, the Gemini Ob-servatory, and the W. M. Keck Observatory have been combined to image several gravitationally-lensed quasars in pursuit of measuring the Hubble constant.
A quasar is a compact region (appearing as a point from long distance) surrounding a supermas-sive black hole. The region is extremely bright, emitting enormous amounts of electromagnetic energy as a result of mass from the core of a surrounding galaxy, under the influence of the black hole’s gravi-ty, falling onto the black hole’s accretion disk. They are looking at extremely bright objects that are very far away.
Gravitational lensing occurs when a bright object is exactly behind a nearer massive object- light from the distant object is bent around the nearer object like a lens or prism bends light. The bending can cause the distant bright object to appear as several images around the nearer object.

The Five Gravitational Lenses used by HOLiCOW. In the center of each is the near object, the nearer galaxy, typically 2 Mpc distant from us. The bright spots around it are the multiple gravitationally-lensed images of the more distant galaxy. Light arriving here along these different paths arrive at times separated by as much as 20 days, with some delayed more by more massive galaxies near their paths along their way.
Image by the National Astronomical Ob-servatory of Japan, the leader of the HOLiCOW Project.

Comparing the various images of the distant object and the amount by which the various light beams are bent and more especially slowed by the nearer mass, allows various measurements to be made about the two objects and the effect on the light.
HOLiCOW’s purpose is to more accurately measure the Hubble Constant.
The universe- shaking HOLiCOW results have just been released on Jan. 26, 2017.
Two of the extremely accurate measurements obtained, HOLiCOW’s of 71.9 km/s/Mpc, and another called HST of 73.24 km/s/Mpc, fall outside the uncertainly of 3.8% from the long-held value of 66.93±0.62 km/s/Mpc.
That these numbers fall outside the uncertainty in the previous, long-held and relied-upon number for the Hubble Constant is extremely serious. It challenges basic phys-ics including even Einstein’s theo-ries, and requires that fundamental physics must be revised in ways that are not now even imagined.

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18th Century Lesson Pertinent To Republican Nomination

Last night, shortly after writing to you of the delightful full evening I enjoyed watching the valuable and superior television programs like M.A.S.H. and Happy Days instead of the Super Tuesday political crap that causes serious injury to our minds, my full evening of enjoyment was extended even further:

Our electric power went out.

As you know, I depend primarily on my wood stove for heat, very much enjoying its radiant warmth, so much nicer than warm air provided by my electric furnace. When power is out, I depend on the wood fire exclusively, so have no concern about warmth in my house in the frequent instances of power outages.

Except yesterday afternoon I had intentionally let my fire go out!

With the help of a friend I had cleaned my very overly soot-clogged chimney yesterday morning. As even after the strenuous cleaning there remained a thin layer of rock-hard potentially-troublesome soot, I had burned the stove very hot for over an hour, hoping to evaporate that last layer, leaving clean stove pipe and chimney. Before re-starting the fire, after letting it cool down, the following morning I intended to pull the stovepipe apart to check that it was now fully clean. So here I was in the dark, with only the dim light of a kerosene lantern, the house cooling and needing the wood fire, but no fire in the wood stove.

In the dark, I didn’t want to pull the stove pipe apart to verify that it was clean. So thought to wait in the dark just the hour the PUD often takes to restore the power, to verify that I’d be warm in the morning. But how to spend the hour in the dark?

My IPad’s screen is self-illuminated, Kindle on it was standing on Washington Irving’s “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” at about three-fourths of the way through, where I’d put it down two weeks ago. So I picked it up and in the dark house continued reading super-skilled wordsmith Irving’s narrative of Ichabod Crane’s troubles in beautiful early 1800’s Upper Hudson River New York .

I finished the story in about an hour. The power was still out, the house was cooling, and I didn’t dare go to bed without starting the fire, in case the power should be out all night. So by the light of the lantern, I pulled the stovepipe apart to look into and check it. As I expected, it was nicely clean to the bare metal. So I rekindled a fire and went to bed.

This morning looking at single line abbreviated headlines of current news, it occurs to me that Irving’s Postcript to “Sleepy Hollow” is worthwhile to contemplate in regard to our political situation:
_______________ Quoting from “Sleepy Hollow” ___________


     The preceding tale is given almost in the precise words in which I heard it related at a Corporation meeting at the ancient city of Manhattoes, at which were present many of its sagest and most illustrious burghers. The narrator was a pleasant, shabby, gentlemanly old fellow, in pepperandsalt clothes, with a sadly humourous face, and one whom I strongly suspected of being poor– he made such efforts to be entertaining. When his story was concluded, there was much laughter and approbation, particularly from two or three deputy aldermen, who had been asleep the greater part of the time.
     There was, however, one tall, drylooking old gentleman, with beetling eyebrows, who maintained a grave and rather severe face throughout, now and then folding his arms, inclining his head, and looking down upon the floor, as if turning a doubt over in his mind. He was one of your wary men, who never laugh but upon good grounds– when they have reason and law on their side. When the mirth of the rest of the company had subsided, and silence was restored, he leaned one arm on the elbow of his chair, and sticking the other akimbo, demanded, with a slight, but exceedingly sage motion of the head, and contraction of the brow, what was the moral of the story, and what it went to prove.
     The storyteller, who was just putting a glass of wine to his lips, as a refreshment after his toils, paused for a moment, looked at his inquirer with an air of infinite deference, and, lowering the glass slowly to the table, observed that the story was intended most logically to prove:
    “That there is no situation in life but has its advantages and pleasures — provided we will but take a joke as we find it.
     “That, therefore, he that runs races with goblin troopers is likely to have rough riding of it.
     “Ergo, for a country schoolmaster to be refused the hand of a Dutch heiress is a certain step to high preferment in the state.”
     The cautious old gentleman knit his brows tenfold closer after this explanation, being sorely puzzled by the ratiocination of the syllogism, while, methought, the one in pepperandsalt eyed him with something of a triumphant leer. At length he observed that all this was very well, but still he thought the story a little on the extravagant– there were one or two points on which he had his doubts.
    “Faith, sir,” replied the storyteller, “as to that matter, I don’t believe onehalf of it myself.”
   D. K.
___________ End of Quote, End of “Sleepy Hollow”  __________

The Republican hope of nominating someone other than Trump is about as likely of fulfillment as Ichabod’s hope of winning the Dutch heiress. And a continuation of their pursuit is likely to reach a very similar end.


P.S As I was writing this, a Pileated Woodpecker (model for Woody Woodpecker) was machine-gun pounding, attempting to drill through my metal roof.​

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Silver Creek Bin Walls

This is an engineering project I worked on in 1966 for the U. S. Forest Service. I ran across these slides recently, and thought many of you would like to see them.

This slideshow is viewable at full screen size, making text much easier to read, by accessing it directly as a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation in your browser at:

Most browsers will show PowerPoint. However, if your browser does not display a PowerPoint presentation, you may download a free PowerPoint viewer directly from Microsoft at:

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October 31, 2015 · 11:53 pm

Second Amendment

Column I wrote for this week’s Highway Shopper:

Science and
Digital Briefs

Oct. 28, 2015

By Shopper Editor Dave Bunting

Buying More Firearms
Than Ever Before

For the first eight months of 2015, the number of the FBI’s National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) was the second highest on record, at 7.7 million, 365,000 more than last year. This was well behind the 9.3 million tallied during the 2013 surge that followed President Obama’s push for gun control.

However, for the period June through August this year, more than 2.6 million NICS were made nationally, which is 100,000 more than for the same period during the 2013 surge. In the summer June through August period this year, Americans have bought more guns than ever before in that period.

The same is even more true for Washington State citizens. In the period June through September this year, Washington State citizens ordered 143,432 NICS checks, the most ever for that period. In the Obama-scare year 2013, during June through September, Washington citizens ordered 142,283 NICS checks.

This year we ordered even more checks, and no doubt bought even more firearms, after the multi-million dollar attack on our Second Amendment rights by the multi-billionaire Gang of Three who plastered Washington State metropolitan voter concentrations with mis-leading and confusing “astroturf” anti-Second-Amendment propaganda. One of their falsehoods was that Americans are now buying fewer firearms.

The number of NICS checks doesn’t exactly equal the number of firearms purchased, because by law the purchase of a firearm, if any, is prohibited from being reported with the NICS check, to make sure firearm registration can not occur. Some NICS checks may be done by citizens in preparation for a possible future firearm purchase. Also some states exempt persons from redundant checks for multiple firearm purchases within a specified period after a previous check.




Political Astroturf Definition for those of you who are as dense as I am:

“An artificially-manufactured political movement designed to give the appearance of grass roots activism. Campaigns & Elections magazine defined astroturf as a “grassroots program that involves the instant manufacturing of public support for a point of view in which either uninformed activists are recruited or means of deception are used to recruit them.” Unlike natural grassroots campaigns which are people-rich and money-poor, an astroturf campaign tends to be the opposiite, well-funded but with little actual support from voters.”

This is exactly how Bloomberg & Co. passed the awful anti-gun I-594 in Washington State that has always before been voted down by the majority of us. They used Bloomberg’s & Gates’ millions of dollars to overwhelm the voters with the propaganda that anti-gun I-594 was a “grassroots” movement. We need to watch out in future for these “political astroturf” propaganda schemes.


Gallup Poll Finds
More Americans
Fear Government

The Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution is there for a simple reason: Our Founding Fathers wisely understood that even a national government of supposedly limited powers could overstep its bounds and infringe upon the rights of the people. In the landmark Heller decision, the U.S. Supreme Court recognized that the Founders considered the Second Amendment a failsafe that would provide the people with the means “to oppose an oppressive military force if the constitutional order broke down.” Whatever else can be said about the efficacy or integrity of the government these days, America is fortunate that its people still have ample means to seek peaceful redress of grievances. Yet a new poll shows that the Founders’ concerns about the overreaching tendencies of centralized power remain on the mind of many U.S. citizens. Gallup reported on Monday that the share of Americans saying that the federal government poses “an immediate threat to the rights and freedoms of ordinary citizens” has risen from 30 percent in 2003 to 49 percent today.



Some Candidates’
Positions on the
Second Amendment

Ben Carson: AGAINST Gun Control: “I would never advocate anything to interfere with Second Amendment rights; however, We have to keep in mind that law-abiding American citizens absolutely should have gun rights.”

Mike Huckabee: AGAINST Gun Control: “My position on the 2nd Amendment to the Constitution is as clear for me as the position held by most journalists toward the 1st Amendment… [I’m] a firm believer in the 2nd Amendment right of Americans to own firearms for self-protection and as a matter of principle.”

Donald Trump: AGAINST Gun Control: “Democrats want to confiscate all guns, which is a dumb idea because only the law-abiding citizens would turn in their guns and the bad guys would be the only ones left armed.”

Jeb Bush: AGAINST Gun Control: He signed into law the Florida no-retreat bill, which says that a person need not retreat from an attack, may “stand his ground” and use deadly force if he reasonably believes he or another person is threatened by death or serious physical injury.

Ted Cruz: AGAINST Gun Control: Ted Cruz authored a brief on behalf of 31 states supporting the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms. He argued against unreasonable and burdensome gun restrictions. He was honored by a 2008 resolution passed by the National Board of the NRA, thanking Ted for leading the States before the Supreme Court in the DC gun case, and noting that his “efforts made this victory for the American people possible.”

Marco Rubio: AGAINST Gun Control: “I believe law-abiding people have a fundamental constitutional right to bear arms. And I believe criminals and dangerous people should not have access to guns. There are laws that protect those two things–but many of these [additional] gun laws are ineffective. They don’t do those things. They infringe on the rights of law-abiding people and do nothing to keep guns out of the hands of dangerous people. And I’m troubled this debate is about guns. It should be about violence. Violence is the problem.”

Carly Fiorina: AGAINST Gun Control: “We have loads of laws, and most of the time, criminals are breaking those laws and we are curtailing citizens’ lawful rights to carry guns.”

Rand Paul: AGAINST Gun Control: “We are the party that adheres to the Constitution. We will not let the liberals tread on the Second Amendment! We will fight to defend the entire Bill of Rights. We will stand up against excessive government power wherever we see it. We cannot and will not allow any President to act as if he were a king. We will not let any President use executive orders to impinge on the Second Amendment.”

Bobby Jindal: AGAINST Gun Control: “In the face of an administration in Washington that wants to take away the rights of law-abiding gun owners, we are standing up for the Second Amendment and the Constitution of the United States.”

Hillary Clinton: FOR Gun Control: “I respect the Second Amendment. I respect the rights of lawful gun owners to own guns, to use their guns, but I also believe that most lawful gun owners whom I have spoken with for many years across our country also want to be sure that we keep those guns out of the wrong hands.”

Joe Biden: FOR Gun Control: “We believe that weapons of war have no place on our streets.”


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Ammo: Rimfire Shortage, Homeland Security Huge Buys

Like many Packwood citizens, I look for businesses that could come here bringing jobs for local people. You who are local know that last winter we lost the 50-jobs ammunition manufacturer Nosler who had come here four years ago, partially replacing the 350 jobs Packwood lost (over 90% of Packwood’s total jobs), with the spotted owl shutdown of our timber industry, that included shutdown of our lumber mills, the Forest Service ranger station, our school, our clinic, most of our restaurants, etc.

I came up with the idea of using the factory buildings to manufacture .22 rimfire ammunition, which seems to be in such high demand and short supply that it is almost impossible to buy nationwide.

I went looking and here is info:

American Rifleman 2014 report about shortage of rimfire ammo:
Sales of .22 rifles have grown hugely since 2006 and most of them use larger than 10-round magazines. Further here’s an excerpt:
“The two most obvious are speculation and hoarding. If you can hit the local big box store because you have the time to wait for the ammo truck to arrive and resell $20 worth of .22 for $60 through the Valley Trader or at the next gun show, you are an opportunistic speculator. There are some other words I might use, but I will restrain myself. And if you are a guy that typically buys .22 Long Rifle 250 rounds at a time who just bought 10,000 because you could not find 250 when you wanted them, then you are a hoarder. ”

American Rifleman 2012 excellent ammo report incl Homeland Security buy numbers and explanation: Many have examined, concluding that though DHS’s ammo buys seem huge, their ammo buys are reasonable and not out of line:

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FaceBook opinions not representative of opinions of Americans!

ABC News will base its 2016 election reporting of US public opinion on opinions voiced on FaceBook:
“Facebook is going to be a central — maybe the central — arena in which political conversation happens in 2016. We’re thrilled to have a glimpse at what America is thinking, and excited to share it broadly with our readers,” ABC News BuzzFeed Editor-in-Chief Ben Smith said in a statement.
Yet the very predominately liberal opinions on FaceBook will be reported nationally as representative of us! And these reports do have significant effect on voting!
“Given the volume of conversation around politics on Facebook, we believe this data truly represents what the American people think about the potential candidates. We’re excited to partner with ABC News and BuzzFeed News, who will both bring their unique journalistic perspective to this data,” Andy Mitchell, Facebook’s Director of News and Global Media Partnerships, said in a statement.
FaceBook is now even more clearly the enemy of the American people!

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Happy Halloween, or rather…

Happy Halloween to you all-

More importantly, Happy All Saints Day to you all-


From one pumpkin to another!!!!!!!

A woman was asked by a coworker, ‘What is it like to be a Christian?’

The coworker replied, ‘It is like being a pumpkin.’ God picks you from the patch, brings you in, and washes all the dirt off of you.

Then He cuts off the top and scoops out all the yucky stuff. He removes the seeds of doubt, hate, and greed.
Then He carves you a new smiling face and puts His light inside of you to shine for all the world to see.’


All Saints Day
Again at Halloween, I recommend to you all the time of remembrance, honor and prayer we can have on All Saints Day, Nov. 1, the day after Halloween. Halloween is more precisely named All Hallows Eve or All Saints Eve, the evening before the important day, All Saints Day.
All Saints Day, the day after Halloween, is the proper day to remember and honor the saints who lived in the past and brought forward our faith and reverence, knowledge of Jesus, God and the bible to us. Those saints to honor and remember are our Christian parents, grandparents and other relatives and ancestors, as well as all the founders and protectors of our faith, back to the disciples themselves, the great theologicans, preachers, martyrs, missionaries, hymn and song writers down through the years.
Of course we reject all the wrong and ugly ideas of witches, ghosts and deceased people seeming to be alive.
But kids and adults at Halloween using their imaginations, dressing up as various other acceptable sorts of people or animals, having wholesome​ fun with their friends and families, is always great and
​enjoyable by us.​ It’s one of the opportunities in the year to come together and laugh together.​
Some people even try to criticize “imagination” itself, defined sometimes as holding in the mind an idea of something that is not real. But imagination is a critically essential human activity, a very valuable gift from God, fundamental to us like intelligence itself. Imagination is the beginning of every improvement mankind has ever accomplished, from the child putting one block atop another to start a structure, to the Wright brothers thinking man might fly. Where would we be if those friends in City Tavern in Philadelphia had not imagined combining the thirteen states into a new nation?​
​So on All Saints Day- or for Catholics All Souls Day, see below- after Halloween let us all remember and honor the Christians who have passed before us.
This precious practice was introduced to my church by our pastor many years ago. I am ashamed to admit it was the first time I had thankfully recognized the gifts to me, sacrifices made for me by my father, as well as his and my mother’s gifts including their requirement that we learn about Jesus and the bible in worship, praise and giving thanks in attending worship and Sunday School every Sunday. They required of us and set examples of actively participating in ​other church and Christian activities and service.
And in the years since then I honor and remember all of the Christians through the years. Loving music, I think of the great hymn writers like Fannie Crosby, the Wesley brothers, and more recent ones like Keith Green. I think about also and give thanks for the apostles, especially Peter and Paul, who are so responsible for sacrificing to bring the faith to Rome and Europe, to us who are of European ancestry. I also remember St. Patrick who so incredibly brought the faith to my ancestors who were Druids in Ireland, and Martin Luther who courageously nailed to his church door the beliefs adopted by my German ancestors. I remember my former pastors and childhood Sunday School teachers, and the missionaries who came to visit and share their experiences with us.
​And of course for you friends who are Catholic, for you All Saints Day, Nov. 1, the day after Halloween, is the day you remember all those wonderful Christians whom your church has canonized as official Saints. Then the following day All Souls Day, Nov. 2, is when you join us Protestants in remembering all those other Christians including our ancestors who have passed before.​
​So Happy Halloween to all of you!
More importantly, Happy All Saints Day or All Souls Day to all of you!​
We’re here by the efforts and sacrifices of those who went before us. One day each year we should pause to remember and honor them.

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Poodle attacks SSL3

Poodle attacks SSL3 encryption

By Dave Bunting, Shopper Editor

Our communication between our computer, tablet or smart phone and a web site is transmitted through, relayed by, many, often dozens of computers, as it travels through the maze of links called the “web.”

Every one of those computers must read every digit of our communication in order to retransmit each digit on ahead. Also anyone with access to any of those relay computers could also read every digit of our communication.

Encryption codes the digits of our communication into different, apparently meaningless gibberish digits, but gibberish that only our intended receiver can decode, gibberish such that all those intermediate web relay computers along the way cannot read, cannot decode, cannot understand.

SSL (Secure Socket Layer) is the encryption method that can be used by our computers, tablets and smartphones and web sites computers.

However, SSL encryption is used only when we are communicating with those web sites that have the “s” after the “http”, thus “https”, at the beginning of their URL address.

Until recently, many web sites used no encryption, they are just “http,” so our communication to and from them was readable by them and by anyone else who could see it en route.

Because more and more criminals are now trying to get our private info as we send it, internet leaders recently recommended that all web sites use SSL, all be https, requiring our computers/tablets/ smartphones to encrypt or encode communication to and from them. All of our computers/tablets/ smartphones are built capable of this SSL encoding.

And in response to the recommendation, most web sites now use SSL, are https.

SSL has an important second benefit: it also enables the computers at both ends of the communication to verify definitely the identity of the computer at the other end.

There are several ways of doing the SSL encryption, SSL3 being the oldest and weakest now in use. Many web sites still use old SSL3.

Now criminals wanting our private info like credit card numbers have found a way– called “Poodle”– of reading our communication if it is encrypted using old SSL3.

All communication now, if it is to be secure, must use the SSL method with at least the next higher security level, which is called “TSL1” or simply “TSL.”

So all of our computers, tablets and smart phones, if our communication is to be secure, must now require the web site to which we’re communicating to use at least TSL1 security. Most, but unfortunately not all, of the web sites with which we communicate are capable of TSL1.

Thus the recommendations in this article:


Note: The information in this linked article is provided to us by our friends at, the search engine that is very much more secure, protects our privacy very much more than Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc., because it makes no record of our search terms or sites we open. The other search engines keep extensive records of all of our search terms and sites we ever visit, sometimes possibly including such info as our credit card number or social security number, then sell that information about us. Those records are also then available to governments or criminals who gain access to them by legal or criminal means.

We always strongly recommend that our readers who value their privacy change the search engine in their web browser from Google, Bing, etc. to See how in your browser at: Internet Explorer, Chrome, FireFox or Safari (more difficult).


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Obama orders 34 million immigrant worker cards

In the link below, US Senator Jeff Sessions makes a clear and complete statement about Obama’s intention to make millions of illegal immigrants legal in the U.S.
Obama’s request for bids for printing of the cards specifies that the printing contractor must be able to provide up to four million cards per year.
Most of you know that I am not prejudiced against Mexicans or other hispanics. People of hispanic ancestry can be, and millions of them are, fine U.S. citizens, working alongside of us, creating competitive businesses and contributing to our economy and social fabric just like we do. They make just as good Americans as any of us from other national or racial ancestries. Generally they have been raised in religious families with strong biblical values, often stronger than the values with which many Americans have been raised.
But Senator Sessions says it with exact truth here. Having open borders is logical nonsense. It is nonsense because universal justice provides that everyone should receive benefits based on their contribution; Americans receive the huge benefits of citizenship based on our own and our parents’, grandparents’, ancestors’ contributions by paying taxes and serving in the military in support of this country, and all the other ways this nation has been supported. Also, of critical importance now, with open borders we can’t prevent entry by our enemies including criminals and terrorists.
And we do have enemies, Mr. President, even though you refuse to believe we do!
That he is doing this to pack ballot boxes with liberal voters is just plain nauseatingly wrong, disgustingly awful. I mean– PUKE!!
And in the long term, I think that might backfire. These people with more solid values of honesty, justice and liberty for all, charity and hard work very possibly eventually will come to our conservative values, which are nothing but those same exact universal human values.
Anyway we hope the lawsuit by the Congress against him will show that he can’t act in such an unconstitutional way, and stop this action. Somehow Obama’s behavior must be stopped.
WOW– destroying our democratic system of decisions made by the Congress who are elected by vote of the people! How did we ever get here, to where this is even possible or being considered?
Watch this:


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Hamas influence declining in Gaza?

The article linked below reports that the Palestinian Authority is holding its first meeting since 2007 in Gaza.
Recall that in an election in Gaza seven years ago, the Palestinian people of Gaza very surprisingly and unexpectedly elected Hamas, which supports terrorism, as the government of Gaza, throwing out the Palestinian Authority.
The Palestinian Authority, which does not support terrorism, had for years governed both of the Palestinian areas in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza.
But the people of Gaza elected Hamas, which supports terrorism.
Of course it was Hamas that did the recent missile attacks and tunnel-building that required the Israeli army to enter Gaza to destroy the missiles and tunnels and Hamas leadership, which killed thousands of both Hamas combatants and unavoidably regrettably non-Hamas non-combatant people, and destroyed a lot of the Gaza infrastructure like public buildings including schools, electric power, roads, water and wastewater systems. As the article explains, Hamas, while oddly “saying” it welcomes Palestinian Authority back for the meeting, still claims control of Gaza. The statements by Hamas in the article are peculiar after they have been so crushingly defeated by the Israeli army in military action.

Recall also that on our Israel trip last November, we visited the West Bank, which, though part of Israel, is mostly Palestinian people who have elected to be governed by the non-terrorist Palestinian Authority. In the West Bank we we were served a very nice lunch in a small Palestinian college. Of course we were aware of no hostility or conflict there- the place appeared as peaceful as the rest of Israel we visited. And the Palestinians of the West Bank did not participate in Hamas’ attacks on Israel from Gaza, but remained peaceful. (Even many Arab nations opposed Hamas’ attacks on Israel.) Bethlehem is in the West Bank, and Jerusalem is on the edge of the West Bank.
So this move toward resumption of non-terrorist Palestinian Authority presence and leadership in Gaza, very hopefully indicating movement back away from Hamas and terrorism, is very good news, especially for all of us who support Israel!
Most American denominations and churches have supported efforts against hunger and poverty in the Palestinian areas. We should continue to do so. But where support within Gaza is concerned, most of us will wait until we see more clear and solid evidence that the Gaza people have turned solidly against Hamas and terrorism.

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